Ashmore and Cartier Islands

Introduction ::Ashmore and Cartier Islands

Background:

These uninhabited islands came under Australian authority in 1931; formal administration began two years later. Ashmore Reef supports a rich and diverse avian and marine habitat; in 1983, it became a National Nature Reserve. Cartier Island, a former bombing range, became a marine reserve in 2000.

Geography ::Ashmore and Cartier Islands

Location:

Southeastern Asia, islands in the Indian Ocean, midway between northwestern Australia and Timor island

Geographic coordinates:

12 14 S, 123 05 E

Area:

total: 5 sq km

country comparison to the world: 247

land: 5 sq km

water: 0 sq km

note: includes Ashmore Reef (West, Middle, and East Islets) and Cartier Island

Area - comparative:

about eight times the size of The Mall in Washington, DC

Land boundaries:

0 km

Coastline:

74.1 km

Maritime claims:

territorial sea: 12 nm

contiguous zone: 12 nm

exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm

continental shelf: 200 m depth or to the depth of exploitation

Climate:

tropical

Terrain:

low with sand and coral

Elevation extremes:

lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m

highest point: unnamed location 3 m

Natural resources:

fish

Land use:

arable land: 0%

permanent crops: 0%

other: 100% (all grass and sand) (2011)

Natural hazards:

surrounded by shoals and reefs that can pose maritime hazards

Environment - current issues:

illegal killing of protected wildlife by traditional Indonesian fisherman, as well as fishing by non-traditional Indonesian vessels, are ongoing problems

Geography - note:

Ashmore Reef National Nature Reserve established in August 1983; Cartier Island Marine Reserve established in 2000

People and Society ::Ashmore and Cartier Islands

Population:

no indigenous inhabitants

note: Indonesian fishermen are allowed access to the lagoon and fresh water at Ashmore Reef's West Island; access to East and Middle Islands is by permit only

Government ::Ashmore and Cartier Islands

Country name:

conventional long form: Territory of Ashmore and Cartier Islands

conventional short form: Ashmore and Cartier Islands

Dependency status:

territory of Australia; administered from Canberra by the Department of Regional Australia, Local Government, Arts and Sport

Legal system:

the laws of the Commonwealth of Australia and the laws of the Northern Territory of Australia, where applicable, apply

Diplomatic representation in the US:

none (territory of Australia)

Diplomatic representation from the US:

none (territory of Australia)

Flag description:

the flag of Australia is used

Economy ::Ashmore and Cartier Islands

Economy - overview:

no economic activity

Transportation ::Ashmore and Cartier Islands

Ports and terminals:

none; offshore anchorage only

Military ::Ashmore and Cartier Islands

Military - note:

defense is the responsibility of Australia; periodic visits by the Royal Australian Navy and Royal Australian Air Force

Transnational Issues ::Ashmore and Cartier Islands

Disputes - international:

Australia has closed parts of the Ashmore and Cartier reserve to Indonesian traditional fishing; Indonesian groups challenge Australia's claim to Ashmore Reef"

The World Factbook. 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ashmore And Cartier Islands — Introduction Ashmore and Cartier Islands Background: These uninhabited islands came under Australian authority in 1931; formal administration began two years later. Ashmore Reef supports a rich and diverse avian and marine habitat; in 1983 it… …   Universalium

  • Ashmore and Cartier Islands —   [ æʃmɔː ənd kɑː tjeɪ aɪləndz], unbewohnte Koralleninseln in der Timorsee, rd. 300 km vor der australischen Nordwestküste; Gesamtfläche 159 km2; automatische Wetterstation auf West Island. Die Inseln werden seit 1934 von Australien als externes… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Ashmore and Cartier Islands — The Territory of Ashmore and Cartier Islands are two groups of small low lying uninhabited tropical islands in the Indian Ocean situated on the edge of the continental shelf north west of Australia and south of the Indonesian island of Roti at… …   Wikipedia

  • Ashmore and Cartier Islands — Offizielle Flagge Karte der Ashmore und Cartier Inseln Die Ashmore und Cartierinseln [æʃmɔːɹ ] ( …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ashmore and Cartier Islands — n. Territory of Ashmore and Cartier Islands, islands in southeastern Asia in the Indian Ocean …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Ashmore and Cartier Islands — /ˌæʃmɔr ən ˈkatiə/ (say .ashmawr uhn kahteeuh) plural noun a group of four uninhabited islands (Cartier Island and the three Ashmore Islands, being the three permanent dry land areas of the Ashmore Reef) in the Indian Ocean more than 500 km off… …   Australian English dictionary

  • Ashmore and Cartier Islands — …   Useful english dictionary

  • Flora of Ashmore and Cartier Islands — The Flora of Ashmore and Cartier Islands consists of 16 families, 23 genera and 27 species. Four of these species are introduced and naturalised. In addition, two species have been introduced but not naturalised. The vegetation is dominated by… …   Wikipedia

  • East Island (Ashmore and Cartier Islands) — | url = https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the world factbook/geos/at.html | title = Ashmore and Cartier Islands | accessdate = 2007 11 12] the islet s gazetted name is, however, East Island .It has an area of around 25,000 square metres.… …   Wikipedia

  • Ashmore- und Cartier-Inseln — Offizielle Flagge Karte der Ashmore und Cartier Inseln Die Ashmore und Cartierinseln [æʃmɔːɹ ] ( …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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